Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said:
Do not associate except with a believer, and do not let anyone eat your food except a Allah-fearing person
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ حَيْوَةَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ غَيْلاَنَ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، أَوْ عَنْ أَبِي الْهَيْثَمِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ
“ لاَ تُصَاحِبْ إِلاَّ مُؤْمِنًا وَلاَ يَأْكُلْ طَعَامَكَ إِلاَّ تَقِيٌّ ” .
|Grade||: Hasan (Al-Albani)||حسن (الألباني)||حكم :|
|Reference||: Sunan Abi Dawud 4832|
|In-book reference||: Book 43, Hadith 60|
|English translation||: Book 42, Hadith 4814|
Critical Reasoning (Subjective and objective):
How many issues/subjects here?
What are these?
1.) Guideline for social friendship or association
2.) Guideline about the food (Rizk) or social invitation
What type of statement it is?
It is a prohibition.
What does an prohibition mean?
It is regarded as Haram.
Can you then befriend with a kuffar?
No! It would be haram
How you know a person is Allah-fearing or not?
Very easy. you know him for sometimes that he has been involved in open Haram things and do not change or come out from the Haram by using different logic which clearly shows that he does not have fear about Allah, he knows only that “Allah will forgive” but he continues in Haram.
Can you then invite a person in your home who is not a Muslim or a so called ‘Muslim’ (by born Muslim) who does not follow or obey Allah or involves in Haram, shirk or in Bida’a? (as logically a Muslim who fears Allah can’t do those things)
No! It would be clear Haram.
Then is it Haram inviting such people at your functions and ceremonies?
Yes, clearly. Because, who you invite in those functions? Your friends and associates and it is Haram to be friends with those people in the first place, therefore, inviting them to eat your food makes it double act of Haram!
Is it possible that Allah give you barakah in your Rizk when you use your RIZK in Haram way?
I don’t think so!
Does it mean that you don’t give charity to such people?
No, that’s different issue. That’s does not have relation with that.
Does it also mean that you don’t give the proper rights to your neighbors who is not a Muslim?
No, that’s different issue. You just can’t befriend with such neighbors but then be very careful about his rights as neighbors. And Allah knows best.
Do you have any shariah guideline about this?
Yes, here it is. Read carefully when you have time and intention that you really do not involve yourself in Haram